At the time Madison worked on The Constitution, the population gap between small and large states was relatively minor. It was an agricultural economy, with the population spread out amongst the states. But times and population densities have changed drastically since then, especially with the growth of major metropolitan areas. And whereas Madison envisioned each House member representing a roughly equal number of citizens (the electoral College math is based on House representation), today the limit of 435 members leads to some districts holding far more citizens than those in other states, skewing the numbers that lead to Electoral College vote counts by state.
Is it time to abolish the Electoral College, or is it still just as relevant today as it was then?